Category Archives: Privacy

Happy 18th! Time to Make Adult Decisions!

Your child reaching 18 years old is a milestone.  Legally, your little one now is an adult with adult rights and responsibilities.  Here some of the ways the situation has changed.

“Our Son Does Not Want That” v. “ But He Told Me He Did if This Happened”

No parent should have a child become incapacitated through illness or injury, and be faced with making crucial health care decisions for your child.  Your child becoming an adult adds a layer of complication.  Georgia has an Advanced Health Care Directive that allows an adult to state what he or she wants for medical care in that situation, and designate who will make the decisions.  Other states use a living will, health care power of attorney, or a combination of the two.  Your now-adult child executing a clear and legally enforceable directive as to what your child would wants, plus who your child wants making the decisions, is a wise move.  This will reduce the risk of a legal fight that can cause more pain and suffering for all involved.

“Access Denied”

Your now-adult child has rights under HIPAA and other privacy laws that will restrict your access to your child’s medical records.  The child can give anyone permission to access his or her medical records – typically through a written consent or release.  The consent can be added to an Advanced Health Care Directive or in a separate document.

“Hands off My Money”

You child turning 18 means you will encounter resistance if you try to get information about his or her bank accounts, credit card accounts, and so on.  Your child’s right of privacy comes at a cost if your child cannot takes care of his or her affairs, be it because of illness, injury, or other reasons.  A power of attorney can be useful if the child wants to entrust someone to handle his or her financial affairs in those situations.  Your child making an adult decision like that can reduce the risk of having to rely on a judge’s decision. 

“But I am the Parent – Doesn’t that Count?”

It is risky to rely on a doctor, banker, and so forth to automatically defer to you as the parent of your now-adult child.  Lacking a power of attorney, directive, or written consent could put in you in the position of having to get a court order if your child is unable to give consent, when you need to have that consent.  It is easier on everyone to have that done in advance.

Whether your child will make a health care directive, sign a power of attorney, do a will, or any other adult decision is up to your child and your child alone.  Being an adult means having to make these decisions.  Have a talk with your child about this part of adulthood.  Suggest that your child speak with an attorney on how to get done what the child wants.  Hopefully, the paperwork gathers dust from non-use, but it will be there just in case.

This post provides general information only.  This post is not intended to create an attorney-client relationship or to be legal advice about your situation.  A blog article is not a substitute for legal advice that fits your situation.  Laws change and your situation may be different.  You should consult with a licensed attorney for legal advice specific to your circumstances.

© 2017 Matthew D. Macy

“Damn the Legalities! Full Speed with the Remote Wiping!”

     Dorothy, the new IT Director for the Golden Brick Road Company, took one look at the computer security protocols and said, “Hackers, spammers, and scammers, oh my!” A hole she saw was Golden Brick’s BYOD (Bring Your Own Device) practice. Golden Brick cut costs by ceasing to provide smartphones to its employees. Golden Brick instead allowed employees to use their personal devices to access company email, cloud storage accounts, etc.

     Dorothy thought it would be a good idea for Golden Brick to wipe those devices when an employee left the company or if the employee’s device was lost or stolen. She went to Golden Brick’s in-house attorney, the Wicked Witch of the West, and the CEO, the Wizard, with her suggestion. The Wicked Witch and the Wizard agreed that it was a good idea. Dorothy had a remote wipe program automatically upload onto the employees’ devices as they accessed the company’s systems.

     The Wizard instructed the Wicked Witch to draft a BYOD policy. It was the end of day and the Wicked Witch had to rush out to get to the Flying Monkeys’ soccer game. She planned to write the policy the next day. Unfortunately, it rained at the soccer game and the Wicked Witch was no more. No one drafted a BYOD policy.

     The Scarecrow, a Golden Brick employee, used his smartphone to access the company systems. A week after the Wicked Witch’s passing, the Scarecrow told Dorothy over lunch that he thought he lost his smartphone. Dorothy remotely wiped the Scarecrow’s smartphone. Fortunately (or not), the Scarecrow found the smartphone between his couch cushions. Everything on it was gone, from personal files to company data. The Scarecrow denied that he gave anyone permission to access his smartphone in that way. He hired a lawyer and sued Golden Brick.

     What is an employer to do? It is becoming more frequent for employers to allow employees to use their personal devices to access the employer’s systems. This may improve efficiency and cut costs while creating a potential security hole and a legal headache. The use of personal devices raises questions of what rights the employer may have to access or wipe the personal device. A BYOD policy may help. A well-written policy in place should outline for both employer and employee the rights and expectations either have when an employee uses a personal device to access the employer’s systems.

      Will the Scarecrow win his lawsuit over the remote wiping of his smartphone? Will Dorothy get her Ruby Slippers Bonus? Will the Wizard hire an attorney who is not water-soluble? A written policy could have helped answer one of those questions.

This post provides general information only and is not intended to create an attorney-client relationship or to be legal advice about a specific situation. Laws change and your situation may be different. You should consult with a licensed attorney for legal advice specific to your circumstances.

Caught on Tape – Mouth Meet Foot

            Free speech creates a wonderful mess.  People generally are free to let their words fly.  Their words could be profound, mundane, offensive, or downright stupid.  Cell phones and smart phones capable of recording sound, and other recording devices, makes it relatively easy to have those words caught on tape and exposed to the world.  Donald Sterling recently found this out with the leak of a recording of him making racially charged comments.

            The furor over his comments overshadows other commentators asking whether the recording was legal.  State and federal wiretap laws, the right of privacy, and other factors outline when someone can record a conversation without facing liability.  I will focus on the wiretap laws.

Is That a Digital Recorder in Your Pocket or are You Happy to See Me?

            Getting everyone involved to knowingly consent to the recording of the conversation is a way to avoid violating the wiretap laws.  How about doing it without everyone’s consent?  Whether the wiretap laws require everyone to consent depends on whether the laws of a “one party” state or a “two party” state apply.  In a “one party” state, at least one person known to be present in the conversation must consent to the recording.  In a “two party” state, everyone known to be present in the conversation must consent to the recording.  There are exceptions, such as law enforcement acting with a warrant or when a court order allows for the secret recording or monitoring.  Just because you feel like doing it, or doing it could help you prove a point, are not likely to be exceptions.

Are You OK That I Secretly Recorded You or are You Happy to Sue Me?

           Who remembers Linda Tripp of the Clinton-Lewinsky scandal in the 1990’s?  Linda Tripp recorded phone calls she had with Monica Lewinsky, and those recordings caused a stir.  However, at least one of them was in a “two party” state when Linda recorded the calls without Monica’s knowledge.  Linda faced criminal charges for recording the calls without Monica’s knowledge.

            Linda Tripp’s experience highlights an additional risk involved when recording phone calls.  If the people on the call are in different states, whomever decides to record the call would be wise to check beforehand the laws of the state of each participant.  What may be legal in one state may not be legal in another.  It becomes more complicated if one of the participants is in another country.

Watch Out for “Gotcha!” Turning Into “Oh Fudge, What Have I Done?”

            For anyone hot to record someone secretly – beware.  Failing to follow the law can cause you real trouble.  Technology is making it easier to capture the moment both in picture and in sound, but just because you can does not mean you should.

This post provides general information only and is not intended to create an attorney-client relationship or to be legal advice about a specific situation.  Laws change and your situation may be different.  You should consult with a licensed attorney for legal advice specific to your circumstances.